By Wesley Thiesen
This can be the 1st entire linguistic examine of Bora, a typologically strange language spoken in Colombia and Peru, the results of 4 many years of labor one of the Bora humans. The language has an incredibly excessive variety of classifiers (over 300). those classifiers are utilized in a number of how one can perform reference. by way of those classifiers, apposition is the first mechanism for growing referring expressions, instead of the extra cross-linguistically universal mechanism of constituency. additionally they supply tight intersentential unity in discourse. The animate/inanimate contrast is pervasive, manifesting itself within the morphology, syntax, and lexicon. This quantity additionally incorporates a thorough research of Bora grammatical and lexical tone, which has a posh procedure of sandhi with default tone being excessive, not like nearly all of tonal languages. The ethnographic caricature comprises dialogue of the original Bora sign drums. This research may be of curiosity to all eager about typological concerns, South American languages and peoples, or tone experiences. Wesley Thiesen got his B.A. in Anthropology from Wheaton collage in 1948. He and his spouse Eva labored for SIL one of the Bora-speaking humans from 1952 to retirement in 1998, residing a lot of that point in a Bora village. David Weber obtained his Ph.D. in Linguistics from the college of California, la in 1983. He and his spouse Diana have labored with SIL for the reason that 1969. From 1972 to 2002 their efforts keen on the Huallaga Quechua language. He presently serves as an SIL linguistic advisor. The book's hide depicts a basket hand made by way of the Bora humans.
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Additional resources for A Grammar of Bora with Special Attention to Tone
The starch settles to the bottom of the kettle. The water, which now contains the toxins, is poured into another kettle and boiled with fish or the meat o f small animals, hot pepper (or whatever) until it becomes a black paste. ) The boiling destroys the poisons. The resulting paste is eaten as a dip for cassava. To remove the excess liquid from the starch, it is put into a cylindrical woven reed press called a po:ahm. These are stretched with weights to squeeze out the liquid. It is then gathered into a ball and placed in a basket lined with leaves and allowed to age for three days (during which the bitter flavor mellows).
The communal house The communal house is square, 30-40 feet on each side (depending on the number o f people who will occupy it), with a sloping thatched roof and low walls o f split logs. Around the sides of the house are sleeping platforms about six feet off the ground. These are large enough for mats for the whole family. When a communal house is built, all the men of the clan, as well as others identified with the clan, participate in building it. First the four main pillars are brought from the rain forest.
When there is something to cook, the women cook a meal in the early afternoon. This is eaten when the children return from school. After the afternoon meal, the women work at making cassava bread, and the men process their coca and tobacco. Most families have only a few dishes, so they eat in shifts, the men first. Alternatively, the family gathers around a shared bowl or kettle. ©2012 SIL International ® 14 CHAPTER 1. THE BORA PEOPLE Manioc is the most important item in the Bora diet. It is eaten boiled or roasted.