Download A Reference Grammar of Pashto by Habibullah Tegey - Barbara Robson PDF

By Habibullah Tegey - Barbara Robson

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In the next section, we propose a change in the denotation assigned to intentional As, analyzing them as kind-level constructions. 3. 1 Conflating intentional and relative As A long tradition going back to Bolinger (1967) grouped under the same heading As like former, alleged, and As like national, chemical. All of them were supposed to be unable to occur after the copula, as syntactic predicates: (8) a. b. rural policeman alleged murderer a’. b’. *The policeman is rural. *The murderer is alleged.

Relative As and intentional As also show important differences. There are many properties which relative As share with ordinary qualifying As. Of these, we mention the following: 1) Lack of scope. Intentional As yield stacked readings, as shown by the difference between (11a) and (11b). In contrast, Relative As (in (12)) do not produce stacked readings, but intersective readings, behaving exactly like the qualifying As in (13). (11) a. tânăr fost ministru ≠ ‘young former minister’ ≠ (12) a. literatura romantică engleză = ‘English Romantic literature’ = (13) a.

Possibly false expletives in other languages The relevant properties involving você in BP existential clauses reinforce Kayne’s (2006) view concerning the nature of existential expletives in languages like English, French and Italian. According to Kayne, the version of there in English existential clauses is not a true expletive. The same idea includes the categories il and y in French, and ci in Italian. ’ Taking English facts into account, Kayne argues for the idea that the expletive there is in fact a deictic originating within the so-called associate.

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