By Tomoko M. Nakanishi, Keitaro Tanoi
This ebook reviews the implications from on-site learn into radioactive cesium infection in a number of agricultural platforms tormented by the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear energy Plant coincidence that happened in March 2011. this is often the second one quantity from the study teams shaped within the Graduate university of Agricultural and lifestyles Sciences of The collage of Tokyo who've released the preliminary info of their first quantity. during this booklet, extra info gathered within the next years are provided to teach how the radioactivity point in agricultural items and their becoming environments have replaced with time. the knowledge make clear the path during which radioactive fabrics entered agricultural items and their circulate between diversified parts (e.g., soil, water, and bushes) inside an environmental procedure (e.g., forests). The publication includes quite a few issues, together with radioactivity inspection of meals items; decontamination trials for rice and cattle construction; the kingdom of infection in wild animals and birds, timber, mushrooms, and trees; the dynamics of radioactivity distribution in mountain and paddy fields; harm incurred through the forestry and fishery industries; and the swap in shoppers’ minds. The final bankruptcy introduces a real-time radioisotope imaging approach, the vanguard strategy to visualize real move of cesium in soil and in vegetation. this is often the one booklet to supply systematic facts concerning the genuine swap of radioactivity, and therefore is of serious price for all researchers who desire to comprehend the impact of radioactive fallout on agriculture. The undertaking is ongoing; the learn teams proceed their paintings within the box for extra evaluate of the long term effects.
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Extra info for Agricultural Implications of the Fukushima Nuclear Accident: The First Three Years
In Arabidopsis, one of the KUP/HAK/KT type transporters, AtHAK5, plays a role in non-radioactive cesium (133Cs) absorption under low K conditions (Qi et al. 2008). In addition, AtCNGC1 is a candidate gene for determining the natural variation of Cs concentrations (Kanter et al. 2010). However, the whole mechanism of Cs uptake and transport remains unclear. To reduce Cs accumulation in rice, it is crucial to understand that there is variation in Cs uptake among different rice cultivars. The difference in 133Cs concentrations in brown rice among different rice cultivars has been reported (Yamaguchi et al.
Beef which were over 500 Bq/kg of radiocesium concentrations were detected between March 2011 and June 2011 (Fig. 2). But both radioactive iodine and cesium of livestock products decreased from July 2011. Beef which were over 500 Bq/kg of radiocesium concentrations might have been due to the supply animals with the polluted feeds by radiocesium. The government and Fukushima prefecture have called farmers not to feed hays and grass that was outside at the nuclear accident to prevent further contamination of livestock products.
9 Â 10À7 for 134Cs and 137Cs, respectively (Fig. 1). 35 for 134Cs and 137Cs, respectively. Thus, we concluded that the Cs concentrations in brown rice might be estimated from the Cs concentrations in straw, although there were some exceptions. 2 Radioactive Cesium Accumulation Among 15 Selected Rice Cultivars Grown in a Fukushima Paddy Field in 2012 and 2013 On the basis of the Cs concentration of brown rice in 2011, we selected 15 rice cultivars to test the reproducibility of Cs uptake, and planted them at a Fukushima paddy field in 2012 and 2013.