By Carlos da Silva, Doyle Baker, Andrew Shepherd, Chakib Jenane, Sérgio Miranda-da-Cruz
The advance of aggressive agro-industries is essential for developing employment and source of revenue possibilities in addition to bettering the standard of and insist for farm items. Agro-industries may have a true influence on foreign improvement via expanding financial development and lowering poverty in either rural and concrete parts of constructing international locations. notwithstanding, on the way to stay away from adversarial results to weak international locations and other people, sound rules and techniques for fostering agro-industries are wanted. With contributions from agro-industry experts, educational specialists and UN technical corporations, chapters deal with the suggestions and activities required for making improvements to agro-industrial competitiveness in ways in which can create source of revenue, generate employment and struggle poverty within the constructing international. Agro-industries for improvement highlights the present prestige and destiny path for agro-industries and brings realization to the contributions this zone could make to overseas improvement. This publication is a co-publication with FAO and UNIDO
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Additional info for Agro-industries for Development
At the same time, however, consumers in such markets are demanding greater assurances over food safety and quality, which require investments in more advanced systems of control through the supply chain. Changes to the global agro-food economy En masse, these meta-trends are fostering fundamental changes in agro-food systems, enhancing productivity and reducing transaction costs and fostering new modes of competitiveness within and across sectors. For example, the liberalization of global trade through the World Trade Organization (WTO), bilateral trade agreements and the preferential market access arrangements offered to low-income countries (in particular) has opened up higher-value industrialized country markets to developing country agro-industrial enterprises.
A further critical factor in the historic competitiveness of agro-industries in developing countries has been labour costs. Access to a plentiful supply of cheap labour explains, at least in part, why agro-processing enterprises in developing countries tend to be less capitalized than their industrialized country counterparts. While labour costs remain a key element of the competitiveness of some sub-sectors, for example, the production of semi-prepared fresh vegetables in Kenya for export to the European Union, in other sectors capacity utilization and the ability to meet consumer demands for product safety and quality are more critical, as in the dairy processing sector.
In turn, the increasing focus on product safety and quality attributes has served to enhance the role of formal product and process standards. Standards are ubiquitous in market economies and play a fundamental role in the organization of supply chains for most products and services (Busch, 2000; Henson and Reardon, 2005), including traditional marketing systems. g. standards related to logistics). Indeed, standards are often a key vehicle for product differentiation in such markets (Henson and Reardon, 2005; Henson, 2007b).