By Martin Junginger, Chun Sheng Goh, André Faaij
The exchange of world bioenergy commodities, corresponding to ethanol, biodiesel and wooden pellets has been starting to be exponentially long ago decade, and feature through 2013 reached actual “commodity” volumes, i.e. hundreds of thousands of tonnes traded every year, and billions (both in US$/€) of annual turnover.
IEA Bioenergy activity forty was once based in 2004 and is now in its 4th triennium. For the prior nine years, job forty has monitored the advancements in overseas bioenergy alternate, together with the association of approximately 20 workshops on trade-related issues, and the book of over a hundred stories, state studies, newsletters, and so forth. the quantity of fabric produced through the years and insights received in how biomass markets and foreign alternate of biomass and biofuels has constructed is outstanding. in addition to that the gang has produced overviews and insights, additionally a large number of useful adventure has been introduced jointly in what works and what doesn’t. final yet now not least, in response to all this, there are clear(er) perspectives on tips to continue to construct operating sustainable foreign biomass markets sooner or later. This ebook compiles these classes and insights into an simply available ebook publication.
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Extra info for International Bioenergy Trade: History, status & outlook on securing sustainable bioenergy supply, demand and markets
International bioenergy trade – A review of past developments in the liquid biofuels market. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 15, 2655–2676. Licht FO. (2012). Various issues. In World ethanol & biofuels report. Kent/Ratzeburg: Informa UK Ltd. , & Bole, T. (2009). Induced market disturbances related to biofuels. eu/fileadmin/elobio/user/docs/Report_ELOBIO_subtask_2_3v6. pdf. Accessed Sept 2012. REA. (2010). Renewable transport fuels group meeting. UK Renewable Energy Association. , & Pelkmans, L.
The drop in 2009 is attributed to the introduction of export duties on roundwood in Russia and the global financial crisis. e. 446 Mtonnes (Fig. 2), representing 35 % of annual production (Fig. 2). This shift in trade shows that roundwood had typically been processed locally; as core forestry nations have also been home to the world’s major wood processing industries. More and more however is processed elsewhere, particularly in Asia. The largest absolute production increases have taken place in Brazil, Russia and Indonesia.
Pulp and paper. Even energy utilities themselves are investing upstream. Wood chip trade for energy is largely limited to wood waste and small volumes of virgin wood chip (including roundwood) trade for energy in the Baltic Sea region and towards Italy. Policy-influenced fuelwood trade is also largest in Europe where it is mainly used in residential heating. Trade is predominantly regional or cross-border, and has been driven by local market price differences, winter condi- P. com D. be J. fi F.